Counselling for children and adolescents may differ from counselling for adults, and will depend on the child’s age, specific difficulties and their development. Different methods may be used to encourage children to be able to express their difficulties, such as play and art. These methods all give the counsellor a great insight into the unconscious mind of the child.
Adolescents may prefer talking therapy, or a mixture of both, and the counselling approach will depend on a particular individual. Although different methods may be used for counselling children and adolescents, the aim of counselling for both children and adults is ultimately the same; to help the individual cope better with their emotions and feelings.
Counselling children and adolescents involves helping the child to develop a positive attitude to life, recognise their strengths and express themselves. It does not involve making decisions for the child, imposing beliefs on them or preaching. Counselling is provided to children and adolescents on their own, initial consultations can have the parent or guardian attending.